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财约你丨蒋勋:《红楼梦》是华人管理学参考 王熙凤是最好CEO_财经

    划重点:“永远不能嘲笑物质存在的重要,一件衣服、一碗饭,有些地区就是没有这个东西,你没有穷过,哪里知道穷有多么可怕,穷可以逼到人甚至没有人性。财富是非常重要的事情,它让你在温饱上有稳定、不恐慌。”文艺复兴时期,意大利显赫的美第奇家族为后世的新贵阶级,树立了榜样。由羊毛商,到欧洲教皇的税务官,再到掌控欧洲银行业的巨擘,经历了第一代的艰苦创业,完成资本积累后的美第奇家族,并没有坐拥财富享乐,而是将财富用用于更长久的人类事业。“如果不从道德上的好坏来讲,(王熙凤)这个人的生存能力绝对够,贾府上上下下几百人都是由她管理、发薪水,她就是最好的CEO。”蒋勋总能带着悲悯,看到每一个生命值得歌颂与令人感动的一面。腾讯《财约你》作者 耿荷蒋勋,不好写。因为他的人生太精彩、太丰富,难以贴上几个标签,描述清楚。他是一名《红楼梦》的讲者,他的版本里,抛开红学研究的条条框框,歌颂大观园里少年们的青春,也探讨华人文化中权利斗争、财富管理以及家族传承。他是一名艺术学者,上世纪70年代,自法国归来后,成立东海大学美术系,并担任系主任。某天经过校园的草地时,发觉已被行政工作局限得透不过气,索性辞职。他为他热爱的艺术家写书立传,他写达芬奇、梵高、高更、莫奈,从他们的艺术中,发觉生命的动人之处。他喜欢弘一大师临终前写下的“悲欣交集”,这里面渗透了他一生的苦行和修行。他也是一名艺术家,用日本最贵的宣纸,写下最爱的《金刚经》段落,也在油画布上记录下梦中的繁华。他将今年在台北的个人画展命名为“天地之间有大美”。他说,走过河流,听到水声,走过树林,发现树叶的摇动,大自然里的大美不言而喻。去年,蒋勋七十岁了,他让学生帮他刻了一方印——“从心所欲”。他说,人生里多些不同的试探与冒险,与年龄无关,这是一种向往,也是对身体自由的渴望。有钱不堕落了不起1976年,蒋勋从法国学成回到台湾。那时的台湾,经济开始起飞,股市繁荣,新贵崛起,“穿着粉红衬衫的盖茨比”犹雨后春笋,一如今日的内地。亲眼目睹了台湾由亚洲四小龙的繁盛,到今日的萧条。蒋勋说,他并不反感暴富。没有经历过物质的匮乏,难以理解温饱给人带来的安全感。蒋勋1947年生于西安,成长于台北。幼时经历了由战乱到战后的拮据岁月,他至今仍能记得,小时候街坊四邻家米缸发出的那种见底的声音。到上世纪70年代,他到巴黎读书,班里来自叙利亚、阿富汗的同学个个富有,而今天这些国家走出的难民,跪在欧洲街头,只为乞讨一点食物。“永远不能嘲笑物质存在的重要,一件衣服、一碗饭,有些地区就是没有这个东西,你没有穷过,哪里知道穷有多么可怕,穷可以逼到人甚至没有人性。财富是非常重要的事情,它让你在温饱上有稳定、不恐慌。”他说。李白如果没有豪商家庭的万贯家财,他怎能写出“五花马,千金裘,呼儿将出换美酒”?或许源于幼时对物质匮乏的记忆,以及内心深处对财富的尊重,在他位于台北八里的工作室窗前,摆放着一尊广汉陶俑。蒋勋说他喜欢这尊陶俑脸上泛起的微笑,这是一种温饱之后由心发出的喜悦,也是对现世生活的知足。四季轮回,岁月流转。曾经的部分石油“老钱”沦落至炮火连绵,战争不绝,国民出逃。而位于亚欧大陆另一端的中国,慢慢登上世界财富的舞台,中国的新贵,成了最耀眼的星。富有之后要如何懂得正确使用财富,这是功课、更是艺术。在蒋勋看来,文艺复兴时期,意大利显赫的美第奇家族,早在五六百前年,已为后世的新贵阶级,树立了榜样。由羊毛商,到欧洲教皇的税务官,再到掌控欧洲银行业的巨擘,经历了第一代的艰苦创业,完成资本积累后的美第奇家族,并没有坐拥财富享乐,而是将财富用用于更长久的人类事业。美第奇家族第二代柯西莫,在佛罗伦萨出资成立孤儿院,他觉得有孤儿是全城的耻辱。柯西莫号召市民一起捐款,并非因为需要钱,而是需要群体认可这种价值观。到了美第奇家族第三代,洛伦佐建立了柏拉图学院,将古希腊文化翻译成意大利语,在平民中推广。没有这位伟大的洛伦佐,就没有日后的米开朗基罗、达芬奇、波提切利等文艺复兴时期的伟大宗师。“堕落是多么容易的事,他们可以追求各种吃喝玩乐,粗俗的不得了的养尊处优,但是他们没有。”蒋勋说,这也犹如中国宋代的宋徽宗,他坐拥了一个王朝,却仍有极强的创造力,创造出动人的瘦金体,这是了不起,也一如深谙游戏人间、玩世不恭的达利,在被众人奉为大师之外,他能画出耶稣被钉在十字架上的荒凉感,和充满虚无与落寞感的融化的时钟。时移世易,对那些被众星捧月的中国新贵来说,复制美第奇家族、宋徽宗的传奇,已遥不可及。但富有之后,告别粗鄙,却触手可及。这些年,蒋勋没少目睹“新钱”们的奢华生活,将百万台币一瓶的红酒一饮而尽,将家里塞满意大利最贵的家具,聚会时将香槟倒入泳池,活脱脱地演绎了盖茨比式的生活方式。“你能真正品味出舌尖甜反应区、舌两侧酸反应区,舌根苦涩反应区?你能感觉到这瓶酒里面蕴藏的阳光、雨水、露水、土壤的丰厚度?”蒋勋说,一个口是吃,是口腔的乞求,像乞丐一样,饥不择食。可是味觉要品,三个口,讲诗品、画品、人品,不一定要暴饮暴食,但要有品位,好品味不见得要贵,有时候是懂得选择。富有之后,要懂得不粗鄙,但若未经历繁华,又怎能懂得真正的品味。《红楼梦》是华人管理学的参考蒋勋在年轻时曾写下“我已看尽繁华,舍此身外,别无他想。”虽未亲自经历过繁华,但他却拥有这种超脱。这似乎与其母的亲身经历关系颇大。蒋勋的母亲是满族正白旗人,祖上曾是西安最后一任知府,经历过几代的飞黄腾达。辛亥革命爆发,暴民冲入家中抢劫,抢了一个月都没抢空。经过了这场浩劫,家中一片狼藉,留下满地打烂的宋瓷、烧毁的善本。繁华逝去,落得片大地白茫茫真干净。人世无常、福祸相依。这种世界观也贯穿了后来蒋勋对《红楼梦》的解读。年幼时的蒋勋,喜读金庸,那种喜爱是对中国古代侠客精神的向往。直到十四五岁,他读了《红楼梦》,自此就再没放下。由少年读到成年,由闲暇打发时间,变成开班授课。《蒋勋细说红楼梦》也让他在华人世界名声鹊起。蒋勋说,他相信缘分,不知经历了多少世、多少劫,今生才能碰到,但喜悦与遗憾永远并存,见面是喜悦,可势必又要分开,永结无情游。他与《红楼梦》或许有着前世的缘分,一讲就讲了几十年。这些年,他也常常在胸前佩戴一块古玉,像贾宝玉。华人世界的老钱和新贵、官员们的阔太太、还有街市的贩夫走卒,都成了蒋勋《红楼梦》课堂的学生。影星林青霞曾经每周特意从香港飞去台北,只为听一堂蒋勋的课,那时的她无法跨越因父亲过世带来的伤痛,听蒋勋说《红楼梦》成了她的精神慰藉。在《红楼梦》的课堂里,蒋勋谈文学、历史、艺术,也谈权利、财富和企业管理。他也成了第一位为王熙凤“平反”的《红楼梦》讲者,他说王熙凤放在今天也是最好的职业经理人。蒋勋理解要真正成就一个好的管理者,绝非易事。在人情往来之间,要怎样摆脱熟人间的羁绊,做到开合有度、收放自如,这需要理智,也需要魄力。“王熙凤是一个九省统制的女儿,17岁嫁到贾家,一进来她就知道完了,丈夫贾琏是个窝囊废,她要自强自立,她挪用公款放高利贷赚私房钱,伪造丈夫公文去官说,一次就拿三千两银子。如果不从道德上的好坏来讲,这个人的生存能力绝对够,贾府上上下下几百人都是由她管理、发薪水,她就是最好的CEO。”蒋勋总能带着悲悯,看到每一个生命值得歌颂与令人感动的一面。如果王熙凤是《红楼梦》中“铁腕”管理者的代表,那贾探春就代表着另外一种不动声色,色厉内荏的管理风格。为了贾家的压缩开支,探春在管家的第一天就砍掉了宝玉的学费,因为已经拨了学费,不该再有额外的钱。紧接着,探春又砍掉贾兰的学费。而对于生母赵姨娘无理取闹,即便心痛,探春也从未留情。蒋勋说,《红楼梦》应当作为当今华人管理学的一个参考,它里面讲到了很多华人的问题,探春杀鸡儆猴拿最亲的人做例子,所以薛宝钗为她拍案叫好,动了这两个人她就做得下去,因为这两个人是没有人敢动的。接班不易 有权利就有争斗从荣国公、宁国公奠定家业,到第三代贾宝玉,贾家没能逃出中国富不过三代的魔咒。青年的曹雪芹,流落街头,用了近三十年,追忆曾经的锦衣玉食,也对家族的败落进行反思。当初怎样做,在抄家之后,能保族人周全?财富如何传承,做到永续? 不少创一代、富二代,特意跑去台北,就是为了听听蒋勋怎么说。“有权利、有位置,就会有争斗。”他说,传承或者接班,并非只存在于企业,就像当年禅宗五祖弘忍传位给六祖慧能,在杀机重重之中,慧能也只能趁夜深人静之时,传慧能衣钵,并嘱咐他连夜逃走,待到危机之时,衣钵也可舍弃。少时读到这段故事,蒋勋觉得接班太困难。这几年,他一直观察那些台湾大企业的第一代创业走后,家族生意要怎样继续。让他觉得有趣的是,不少大企业,往往缺少接班的预设,有的企业家到了七八十岁,甚至九十岁,往往还觉得自己不会过世。不过,传承的预设最重要的一环,还是那个接班的人,毕竟能将家业毁于一旦的是人本身,特别是当财富来的太易的时候,接班的二代往往丧失了第一代的生命力。他欣赏那些创业一代的果敢、奋进。如汉高祖刘邦,在被项羽追杀时,因马车不够快,将亲生儿子,就是日后的汉惠帝,三次推下马车。但他觉得,这种狠劲,虽然成就了大汉帝国,但也同样让人毛骨悚然。他说,他不敢创业。而那个被刘邦推下马车的汉惠帝,在父亲威严之下,始终抬不起头,在位仅7年就被夺权,他的儿子们也全部被杀。这样的继承人充满悲情,也是家门的大不幸。作为一个旁观者,蒋勋认为,要能继承家业,“劳其筋骨、饿其体肤”,必不可少。古代的质子,自幼养在敌国,为的就是吃些苦,即便到了近代,蒋经国少时也在苏联,做过矿工。“中国的世家是很好的参考,怎样能传承那么多代,我们常讲的王谢子弟,王导、谢安家族,这些家族出来的子弟都非同小可,这背后都离不开一个基本的教养。如果在暴富的过程中,完全丧失了人的教养,这是危险的,这个家庭会垮,这个企业也会垮,别人也不会对你有信任。”他说。世界上没有永远的拥抱 学会告别即便做到最好的传承,身外之物,终有一日都要一一告别。蒋勋曾经让学生给他刻了两方印,“舍得”与“舍不得”,平时总喜欢用“舍得”。但当父母往生时,他却难以舍得。“妈妈往生之后,我就觉得你最爱的,其实你要懂得怎样跟她告别,你有很多珍惜,这个珍惜,是我们拥有过几十年这么美好的记忆,可是到最后的时候,你拉着她不放,又哭又叫,我不觉得这是一个好的告别。好的告别就是说我们都完成了。”蒋勋说。父亲在加拿大骤然离世、母亲在他怀中往生。他反复诵读父亲曾经送给他的《金刚经》手卷。“一切有为法如梦幻泡影,如露亦如电,应作如是观”。从中参悟,人生的虚无与无常。2010年12月18日,蒋勋突发心梗,庆幸的是送院及时,在与死亡擦肩而过之后,劫后重生。在那之后,他再看黄公望年逾八旬之后创作的《富春山居图》,更加真切地体会到什么叫“云淡风轻”。蒋勋说,世界上的所有拥抱都不会是永远的拥抱,终有一日,我们都要学会如何与最爱的人、最珍惜的物告别,而他现在要学习的是,怎样面对死亡,这是哲学问题,不是医学问题,他现在也跟朋友说,自己最后要做的功课是跟身体告别。在经历心脏手术之后,他在医保卡上注明不要抢救。他觉得生命能够走得自然一点,就像凋谢的花朵,变成枯木的大树,这是存活到最后的尊严。他在河边喂过两只流浪狗,有一日不见了。后来凭着记忆,把他们定格在油画中,算是与两只小狗的告别。心脏手术之后的8年间,早起,焚香、端坐、读经,成了他的早课。他也会每天沿着他位于台北八里工作室外的淡水河散步。他说,他的人生也像这条河,少年住在淡水河上中游,看到它的激流险滩,看到它的繁华,人生到了现在这个时候,住到河口,河口是要结束,是要出海,是另外一种平静与辽阔,看着这条河,学会包容和宽阔。去年蒋勋七十岁时,他让学生刻了一方印“从心所欲”。 他说,人生里多些不同的试探与冒险,与年龄无关,这是一种向往,也是对身体自由的渴望,至少心灵上可以飞起来。

hua zhong dian:" yong yuan bu neng chao xiao wu zhi cun zai de zhong yao, yi jian yi fu yi wan fan, you xie di qu jiu shi mei you zhe ge dong xi, ni mei you qiong guo, na li zhi dao qiong you duo me ke pa, qiong ke yi bi dao ren shen zhi mei you ren xing. cai fu shi fei chang zhong yao de shi qing, ta rang ni zai wen bao shang you wen ding bu kong huang." wen yi fu xing shi qi, yi da li xian he de mei di qi jia zu wei hou shi de xin gui jie ji, shu li le bang yang. you yang mao shang, dao ou zhou jiao huang de shui wu guan, zai dao zhang kong ou zhou yin hang ye de ju bo, jing li le di yi dai de jian ku chuang ye, wan cheng zi ben ji lei hou de mei di qi jia zu, bing mei you zuo yong cai fu xiang le, er shi jiang cai fu yong yong yu geng chang jiu de ren lei shi ye." ru guo bu cong dao de shang de hao huai lai jiang, wang xi feng zhe ge ren de sheng cun neng li jue dui gou, jia fu shang shang xia xia ji bai ren dou shi you ta guan li fa xin shui, ta jiu shi zui hao de CEO." jiang xun zong neng dai zhe bei min, kan dao mei yi ge sheng ming zhi de ge song yu ling ren gan dong de yi mian. teng xun cai yue ni zuo zhe geng he jiang xun, bu hao xie. yin wei ta de ren sheng tai jing cai tai feng fu, nan yi tie shang ji ge biao qian, miao shu qing chu. ta shi yi ming hong lou meng de jiang zhe, ta de ban ben li, pao kai hong xue yan jiu de tiao tiao kuang kuang, ge song da guan yuan li shao nian men de qing chun, ye tan tao hua ren wen hua zhong quan li dou zheng cai fu guan li yi ji jia zu chuan cheng. ta shi yi ming yi shu xue zhe, shang shi ji 70 nian dai, zi fa guo gui lai hou, cheng li dong hai da xue mei shu xi, bing dan ren xi zhu ren. mou tian jing guo xiao yuan de cao di shi, fa jue yi bei xing zheng gong zuo ju xian de tou bu guo qi, suo xing ci zhi. ta wei ta re ai de yi shu jia xie shu li zhuan, ta xie da fen qi fan gao gao geng mo nai, cong ta men de yi shu zhong, fa jue sheng ming de dong ren zhi chu. ta xi huan hong yi da shi lin zhong qian xie xia de" bei xin jiao ji", zhe li mian shen tou le ta yi sheng de ku xing he xiu xing. ta ye shi yi ming yi shu jia, yong ri ben zui gui de xuan zhi, xie xia zui ai de jin gang jing duan luo, ye zai you hua bu shang ji lu xia meng zhong de fan hua. ta jiang jin nian zai tai bei de ge ren hua zhan ming ming wei" tian di zhi jian you da mei". ta shuo, zou guo he liu, ting dao shui sheng, zou guo shu lin, fa xian shu ye de yao dong, da zi ran li de da mei bu yan er yu. qu nian, jiang xun qi shi sui le, ta rang xue sheng bang ta ke le yi fang yin" cong xin suo yu". ta shuo, ren sheng li duo xie bu tong de shi tan yu mao xian, yu nian ling wu guan, zhe shi yi zhong xiang wang, ye shi dui shen ti zi you de ke wang. you qian bu duo luo liao bu qi 1976 nian, jiang xun cong fa guo xue cheng hui dao tai wan. na shi de tai wan, jing ji kai shi qi fei, gu shi fan rong, xin gui jue qi," chuan zhe fen hong chen shan de gai ci bi" you yu hou chun sun, yi ru jin ri de nei di. qin yan mu du le tai wan you ya zhou si xiao long de fan sheng, dao jin ri de xiao tiao. jiang xun shuo, ta bing bu fan gan bao fu. mei you jing li guo wu zhi di kui fa, nan yi li jie wen bao gei ren dai lai de an quan gan. jiang xun 1947 nian sheng yu xi an, cheng chang yu tai bei. you shi jing li le you zhan luan dao zhan hou de jie ju sui yue, ta zhi jin reng neng ji de, xiao shi hou jie fang si lin jia mi gang fa chu de na zhong jian di de sheng yin. dao shang shi ji 70 nian dai, ta dao ba li du shu, ban li lai zi xu li ya a fu han de tong xue ge ge fu you, er jin tian zhei xie guo jia zou chu de nan min, gui zai ou zhou jie tou, zhi wei qi tao yi dian shi wu." yong yuan bu neng chao xiao wu zhi cun zai de zhong yao, yi jian yi fu yi wan fan, you xie di qu jiu shi mei you zhe ge dong xi, ni mei you qiong guo, na li zhi dao qiong you duo me ke pa, qiong ke yi bi dao ren shen zhi mei you ren xing. cai fu shi fei chang zhong yao de shi qing, ta rang ni zai wen bao shang you wen ding bu kong huang." ta shuo. li bai ru guo mei you hao shang jia ting de wan guan jia cai, ta zen neng xie chu" wu hua ma, qian jin qiu, hu er jiang chu huan mei jiu"? huo xu yuan yu you shi dui wu zhi kui fa de ji yi, yi ji nei xin shen chu dui cai fu de zun zhong, zai ta wei yu tai bei ba li de gong zuo shi chuang qian, bai fang zhe yi zun guang han tao yong. jiang xun shuo ta xi huan zhe zun tao yong lian shang fan qi de wei xiao, zhe shi yi zhong wen bao zhi hou you xin fa chu de xi yue, ye shi dui xian shi sheng huo de zhi zu. si ji lun hui, sui yue liu zhuan. ceng jing de bu fen shi you" lao qian" lun luo zhi pao huo lian mian, zhan zheng bu jue, guo min chu tao. er wei yu ya ou da lu ling yi duan di zhong guo, man man deng shang shi jie cai fu de wu tai, zhong guo de xin gui, cheng le zui yao yan de xing. fu you zhi hou yao ru he dong de zheng que shi yong cai fu, zhe shi gong ke geng shi yi shu. zai jiang xun kan lai, wen yi fu xing shi qi, yi da li xian he de mei di qi jia zu, zao zai wu liu bai qian nian, yi wei hou shi de xin gui jie ji, shu li le bang yang. you yang mao shang, dao ou zhou jiao huang de shui wu guan, zai dao zhang kong ou zhou yin hang ye de ju bo, jing li le di yi dai de jian ku chuang ye, wan cheng zi ben ji lei hou de mei di qi jia zu, bing mei you zuo yong cai fu xiang le, er shi jiang cai fu yong yong yu geng chang jiu de ren lei shi ye. mei di qi jia zu di er dai ke xi mo, zai fo luo lun sa chu zi cheng li gu er yuan, ta jue de you gu er shi quan cheng de chi ru. ke xi mo hao zhao shi min yi qi juan kuan, bing fei yin wei xu yao qian, er shi xu yao qun ti ren ke zhe zhong jia zhi guan. dao le mei di qi jia zu di san dai, luo lun zuo jian li le bo la tu xue yuan, jiang gu xi la wen hua fan yi cheng yi da li yu, zai ping min zhong tui guang. mei you zhe wei wei da de luo lun zuo, jiu mei you ri hou de mi kai lang ji luo da fen qi bo ti qie li deng wen yi fu xing shi qi de wei da zong shi." duo luo shi duo me rong yi de shi, ta men ke yi zhui qiu ge zhong chi he wan le, cu su de bu de le de yang zun chu you, dan shi ta men mei you." jiang xun shuo, zhe ye you ru zhong guo song dai de song hui zong, ta zuo yong le yi ge wang chao, que reng you ji qiang de chuang zao li, chuang zao chu dong ren de shou jin ti, zhe shi liao bu qi, ye yi ru shen an you xi ren jian wan shi bu gong de da li, zai bei zhong ren feng wei da shi zhi wai, ta neng hua chu ye su bei ding zai shi zi jia shang de huang liang gan, he chong man xu wu yu luo mo gan de rong hua de shi zhong. shi yi shi yi, dui nei xie bei zhong xing peng yue de zhong guo xin gui lai shuo, fu zhi mei di qi jia zu song hui zong de chuan qi, yi yao bu ke ji. dan fu you zhi hou, gao bie cu bi, que chu shou ke ji. zhei xie nian, jiang xun mei shao mu du" xin qian" men de she hua sheng huo, jiang bai wan tai bi yi ping de hong jiu yi yin er jin, jiang jia li sai man yi da li zui gui de jia ju, ju hui shi jiang xiang bin dao ru yong chi, huo tui tui di yan yi le gai ci bi shi de sheng huo fang shi." ni neng zhen zheng pin wei chu she jian tian fan ying qu she liang ce suan fan ying qu, she gen ku se fan ying qu? ni neng gan jue dao zhe ping jiu li mian yun cang de yang guang yu shui lu shui tu rang de feng hou du?" jiang xun shuo, yi ge kou shi chi, shi kou qiang de qi qiu, xiang qi gai yi yang, ji bu ze shi. ke shi wei jue yao pin, san ge kou, jiang shi pin hua pin ren pin, bu yi ding yao bao yin bao shi, dan yao you pin wei, hao pin wei bu jian de yao gui, you shi hou shi dong de xuan ze. fu you zhi hou, yao dong de bu cu bi, dan ruo wei jing li fan hua, you zen neng dong de zhen zheng de pin wei. hong lou meng shi hua ren guan li xue de can kao jiang xun zai nian qing shi ceng xie xia" wo yi kan jin fan hua, she ci shen wai, bie wu ta xiang." sui wei qin zi jing li guo fan hua, dan ta que yong you zhe zhong chao tuo. zhe si hu yu qi mu de qin shen jing li guan xi po da. jiang xun de mu qin shi man zu zheng bai qi ren, zu shang ceng shi xi an zui hou yi ren zhi fu, jing li guo ji dai de fei huang teng da. xin hai ge ming bao fa, bao min chong ru jia zhong qiang jie, qiang le yi ge yue dou mei qiang kong. jing guo le zhe chang hao jie, jia zhong yi pian lang ji, liu xia man di da lan de song ci shao hui de shan ben. fan hua shi qu, luo de pian da di bai mang mang zhen gan jing. ren shi wu chang fu huo xiang yi. zhe zhong shi jie guan ye guan chuan le hou lai jiang xun dui hong lou meng de jie du. nian you shi de jiang xun, xi du jin yong, na zhong xi ai shi dui zhong guo gu dai xia ke jing shen de xiang wang. zhi dao shi si wu sui, ta du le hong lou meng, zi ci jiu zai mei fang xia. you shao nian du dao cheng nian, you xian xia da fa shi jian, bian cheng kai ban shou ke. jiang xun xi shuo hong lou meng ye rang ta zai hua ren shi jie ming sheng que qi. jiang xun shuo, ta xiang xin yuan fen, bu zhi jing li le duo shao shi duo shao jie, jin sheng cai neng peng dao, dan xi yue yu yi han yong yuan bing cun, jian mian shi xi yue, ke shi bi you yao fen kai, yong jie wu qing you. ta yu hong lou meng huo xu you zhe qian shi de yuan fen, yi jiang jiu jiang le ji shi nian. zhei xie nian, ta ye chang chang zai xiong qian pei dai yi kuai gu yu, xiang jia bao yu. hua ren shi jie de lao qian he xin gui guan yuan men de kuo tai tai hai you jie shi de fan fu zou fu, dou cheng le jiang xun hong lou meng ke tang de xue sheng. ying xing lin qing xia ceng jing mei zhou te yi cong xiang gang fei qu tai bei, zhi wei ting yi tang jiang xun de ke, na shi de ta wu fa kua yue yin fu qin guo shi dai lai de shang tong, ting jiang xun shuo hong lou meng cheng le ta de jing shen wei jie. zai hong lou meng de ke tang li, jiang xun tan wen xue li shi yi shu, ye tan quan li cai fu he qi ye guan li. ta ye cheng le di yi wei wei wang xi feng" ping fan" de hong lou meng jiang zhe, ta shuo wang xi feng fang zai jin tian ye shi zui hao de zhi ye jing li ren. jiang xun li jie yao zhen zheng cheng jiu yi ge hao de guan li zhe, jue fei yi shi. zai ren qing wang lai zhi jian, yao zen yang bai tuo shu ren jian de ji ban, zuo dao kai he you du shou fang zi ru, zhe xu yao li zhi, ye xu yao po li." wang xi feng shi yi ge jiu sheng tong zhi de nv er, 17 sui jia dao jia jia, yi jin lai ta jiu zhi dao wan le, zhang fu jia lian shi ge wo nang fei, ta yao zi qiang zi li, ta nuo yong gong kuan fang gao li dai zhuan si fang qian, wei zao zhang fu gong wen qu guan shuo, yi ci jiu na san qian liang yin zi. ru guo bu cong dao de shang de hao huai lai jiang, zhe ge ren de sheng cun neng li jue dui gou, jia fu shang shang xia xia ji bai ren dou shi you ta guan li fa xin shui, ta jiu shi zui hao de CEO." jiang xun zong neng dai zhe bei min, kan dao mei yi ge sheng ming zhi de ge song yu ling ren gan dong de yi mian. ru guo wang xi feng shi hong lou meng zhong" tie wan" guan li zhe de dai biao, na jia tan chun jiu dai biao zhe ling wai yi zhong bu dong sheng se, se li nei ren de guan li feng ge. wei le jia jia de ya suo kai zhi, tan chun zai guan jia de di yi tian jiu kan diao le bao yu de xue fei, yin wei yi jing bo le xue fei, bu gai zai you e wai de qian. jin jie zhe, tan chun you kan diao jia lan de xue fei. er dui yu sheng mu zhao yi niang wu li qu nao, ji bian xin tong, tan chun ye cong wei liu qing. jiang xun shuo, hong lou meng ying dang zuo wei dang jin hua ren guan li xue de yi ge can kao, ta li mian jiang dao le hen duo hua ren de wen ti, tan chun sha ji jing hou na zui qin de ren zuo li zi, suo yi xue bao chai wei ta pai an jiao hao, dong le zhe liang ge ren ta jiu zuo de xia qu, yin wei zhe liang ge ren shi mei you ren gan dong de. jie ban bu yi you quan li jiu you zheng dou cong rong guo gong ning guo gong dian ding jia ye, dao di san dai jia bao yu, jia jia mei neng tao chu zhong guo fu bu guo san dai de mo zhou. qing nian de cao xue qin, liu luo jie tou, yong le jin san shi nian, zhui yi ceng jing de jin yi yu shi, ye dui jia zu de bai luo jin xing fan si. dang chu zen yang zuo, zai chao jia zhi hou, neng bao zu ren zhou quan? cai fu ru he chuan cheng, zuo dao yong xu? bu shao chuang yi dai fu er dai, te yi pao qu tai bei, jiu shi wei le ting ting jiang xun zen me shuo." you quan li you wei zhi, jiu hui you zheng dou." ta shuo, chuan cheng huo zhe jie ban, bing fei zhi cun zai yu qi ye, jiu xiang dang nian chan zong wu zu hong ren chuan wei gei liu zu hui neng, zai sha ji chong chong zhi zhong, hui neng ye zhi neng chen ye shen ren jing zhi shi, chuan hui neng yi bo, bing zhu fu ta lian ye tao zou, dai dao wei ji zhi shi, yi bo ye ke she qi. shao shi du dao zhe duan gu shi, jiang xun jue de jie ban tai kun nan. zhe ji nian, ta yi zhi guan cha nei xie tai wan da qi ye de di yi dai chuang ye zou hou, jia zu sheng yi yao zen yang ji xu. rang ta jue de you qu de shi, bu shao da qi ye, wang wang que shao jie ban de yu she, you de qi ye jia dao le qi ba shi sui, shen zhi jiu shi sui, wang wang huan jue de zi ji bu hui guo shi. bu guo, chuan cheng de yu she zui zhong yao de yi huan, hai shi na ge jie ban de ren, bi jing neng jiang jia ye hui yu yi dan de shi ren ben shen, te bie shi dang cai fu lai de tai yi de shi hou, jie ban de er dai wang wang sang shi le di yi dai de sheng ming li. ta xin shang nei xie chuang ye yi dai de guo gan fen jin. ru han gao zu liu bang, zai bei xiang yu zhui sha shi, yin ma che bu gou kuai, jiang qin sheng er zi, jiu shi ri hou de han hui di, san ci tui xia ma che. dan ta jue de, zhe zhong hen jin, sui ran cheng jiu le da han di guo, dan ye tong yang rang ren mao gu song ran. ta shuo, ta bu gan chuang ye. er na ge bei liu bang tui xia ma che de han hui di, zai fu qin wei yan zhi xia, shi zhong tai bu qi tou, zai wei jin 7 nian jiu bei duo quan, ta de er zi men ye quan bu bei sha. zhe yang de ji cheng ren chong man bei qing, ye shi jia men de da bu xing. zuo wei yi ge pang guan zhe, jiang xun ren wei, yao neng ji cheng jia ye," lao qi jin gu e qi ti fu", bi bu ke shao. gu dai de zhi zi, zi you yang zai di guo, wei de jiu shi chi xie ku, ji bian dao le jin dai, jiang jing guo shao shi ye zai su lian, zuo guo kuang gong." zhong guo de shi jia shi hen hao de can kao, zen yang neng chuan cheng na me duo dai, wo men chang jiang de wang xie zi di, wang dao xie an jia zu, zhei xie jia zu chu lai de zi di dou fei tong xiao ke, zhe bei hou dou li bu kai yi ge ji ben de jiao yang. ru guo zai bao fu de guo cheng zhong, wan quan sang shi le ren de jiao yang, zhe shi wei xian de, zhe ge jia ting hui kua, zhe ge qi ye ye hui kua, bie ren ye bu hui dui ni you xin ren." ta shuo. shi jie shang mei you yong yuan de yong bao xue hui gao bie ji bian zuo dao zui hao de chuan cheng, shen wai zhi wu, zhong you yi ri dou yao yi yi gao bie. jiang xun ceng jing rang xue sheng gei ta ke le liang fang yin," she de" yu" she bu de", ping shi zong xi huan yong" she de". dan dang fu mu wang sheng shi, ta que nan yi she de." ma ma wang sheng zhi hou, wo jiu jue de ni zui ai de, qi shi ni yao dong de zen yang gen ta gao bie, ni you hen duo zhen xi, zhe ge zhen xi, shi wo men yong you guo ji shi nian zhe me mei hao de ji yi, ke shi dao zui hou de shi hou, ni la zhe ta bu fang, you ku you jiao, wo bu jue de zhe shi yi ge hao de gao bie. hao de gao bie jiu shi shuo wo men dou wan cheng le." jiang xun shuo. fu qin zai jia na da zhou ran li shi mu qin zai ta huai zhong wang sheng. ta fan fu song du fu qin ceng jing song gei ta de jin gang jing shou juan." yi qie you wei fa ru meng huan pao ying, ru lu yi ru dian, ying zuo ru shi guan". cong zhong can wu, ren sheng de xu wu yu wu chang. 2010 nian 12 yue 18 ri, jiang xun tu fa xin geng, qing xing de shi song yuan ji shi, zai yu si wang ca jian er guo zhi hou, jie hou zhong sheng. zai na zhi hou, ta zai kan huang gong wang nian yu ba xun zhi hou chuang zuo de fu chun shan ju tu, geng jia zhen qie di ti hui dao shen me jiao" yun dan feng qing". jiang xun shuo, shi jie shang de suo you yong bao dou bu hui shi yong yuan de yong bao, zhong you yi ri, wo men dou yao xue hui ru he yu zui ai de ren zui zhen xi de wu gao bie, er ta xian zai yao xue xi de shi, zen yang mian dui si wang, zhe shi zhe xue wen ti, bu shi yi xue wen ti, ta xian zai ye gen peng you shuo, zi ji zui hou yao zuo de gong ke shi gen shen ti gao bie. zai jing li xin zang shou shu zhi hou, ta zai yi bao ka shang zhu ming bu yao qiang jiu. ta jue de sheng ming neng gou zou de zi ran yi dian, jiu xiang diao xie de hua duo, bian cheng ku mu de da shu, zhe shi cun huo dao zui hou de zun yan. ta zai he bian wei guo liang zhi liu lang gou, you yi ri bu jian le. hou lai ping zhe ji yi, ba ta men ding ge zai you hua zhong, suan shi yu liang zhi xiao gou de gao bie. xin zang shou shu zhi hou de 8 nian jian, zao qi, fen xiang duan zuo du jing, cheng le ta de zao ke. ta ye hui mei tian yan zhe ta wei yu tai bei ba li gong zuo shi wai de dan shui he san bu. ta shuo, ta de ren sheng ye xiang zhe tiao he, shao nian zhu zai dan shui he shang zhong you, kan dao ta de ji liu xian tan, kan dao ta de fan hua, ren sheng dao le xian zai zhe ge shi hou, zhu dao he kou, he kou shi yao jie shu, shi yao chu hai, shi ling wai yi zhong ping jing yu liao kuo, kan zhe zhe tiao he, xue hui bao rong he kuan kuo. qu nian jiang xun qi shi sui shi, ta rang xue sheng ke le yi fang yin" cong xin suo yu". ta shuo, ren sheng li duo xie bu tong de shi tan yu mao xian, yu nian ling wu guan, zhe shi yi zhong xiang wang, ye shi dui shen ti zi you de ke wang, zhi shao xin ling shang ke yi fei qi lai.

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영국·EU가 합의한 브렉시트안 초안…4가지 요점은?

    북아일랜드, 英 관세구역 포함…EU 규정 제한적 적용
북아일랜드 의회, EU규정 적용 여부 4년마다 표결
미셸 바르니에 EU 브렉시트 협상대표가 17일 기자회견에서 새 브렉시트 합의안에 대해 설명하고 있다. AFP=뉴스1
(서울=뉴스1) 강민경 기자 = 영국과 유럽연합(EU)이 17일(현지시간) EU 정상회의 개막 직전에 새 브렉시트 합의안(초안)을 마련했다.

BBC에 따르면 미셸 바르니에 EU 브렉시트 협상대표는 이날 벨기에 브뤼셀에서 기자회견을 열고 새 합의안은 4가지 주요 요소로 구성됐다고 밝혔다.

바르니에 대표는 이번 합의안이 북아일랜드에는 상품 위주로 EU 규정 제한적으로 적용 북아일랜드는 영국 관세영역에 포江西省教育考试院_侠大开元棋牌维护待定_开元棋牌能做僻吗_开元棋牌赠送彩金함되지만 EU 단일시장에 진입할 수 있는 '입구' 유지 단일시장의 무결성을 유지하고 美国之声广播官网_侠大开元棋牌维护待定_开元棋牌能做僻吗_开元棋牌赠送彩金영국의 부가가치세(VAT) 관련 우려를 불식시키는 조항 존재 북아일랜드 의회에 4년마다 EU 규정 적용 여부 결정권 부여民谣歌词经典短句_侠大开元棋牌维护待定_开元棋牌能做僻吗_开元棋牌赠送彩金 등을 골자로 한다고 설명했다.

바르니에 대표는 북아일랜드 의회에 EU 규정 적용 여부를 결정짓도록 표결 권한을 부여하는 게 핵심 요점이라면서 "새로 합의된 접근법의 주춧돌"이라고 말했다.

그는 "우리는 공정하고 합리적이면서도 우리 원칙에 부합하는 합의에 世界手表排名前50名_侠大开元棋牌维护待定_开元棋牌能做僻吗_开元棋牌赠送彩金도달했다"면서도 아직 영국 의회의 표결이 남아있기 때문에 주의가 필요한 상황이라고 강조했다.台湾是中国大陆吗_侠大开元棋牌维护待定_开元棋牌能做僻吗_开元棋牌赠送彩金

양측이 마련한 합의안의 구체적인 내용은 아직 공개되지 않았다. 이번 합의안은 오는 19일 영국 의회 표결을 거칠 예정이다.

pasta@new月光水岸 bandari_侠大开元棋牌维护待定_开元棋牌能做僻吗_开元棋牌赠送彩金s1.kr

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